The impact of the mosaic art in development of civilization in Syria

The theory that art styles communities and shapes people’s mindsets could be summed up as follows:

A person formulates his universe and real reality, and art is founded on the development of ideas and other signs of intellectual activity. All forms of art were descended from one another in a continuous circle, reflecting human thought and the diversity of surroundings, cultures, and Islamic traditions. Arts from ancient and modern civilizations have been made in accordance with the cultural identity, continuing the tradition of art.

The Development of mosaic in Syria

Each community’s function during the year was marked by Islamic Spirit overtones. which allows us to now distinguish among thousands of works of art one of those business mosaics, which were found in many earlier civilizations’ Islamic civilization cladding walls and floors in the temples and buildings charges reflect the beliefs of those societies.

How is this craft transmitted across generations

The methods have historically been passed on from father to son. Artists who are interested in learning the skill can be expected to complete apprenticeships that last at least five years and can spend up to fifteen years learning under the guidance of a master craftsman.

What causes the development of this craft and its impact on civilization

High technical value

Due to the high technical and historical value of the ancient Syrian mosaic art, many thieves of antiquities tried to steal this kind of art and sell them abroad, the most famous of which was a major operation that occurred, during which thieves tried to introduce a large number of Syrian mosaic paintings to Canada, as a Lebanese, not a Syrian, In order to evade its return to Syria, its original homeland, given that Lebanon had not signed the UNESCO Agreement on the antiquities, but the Canadian authorities managed to put the hand on 39 Syrian mosaic paintings out of 54 paintings that were stolen and smuggled outside the country, and it was done Return it to Syria according to international agreements.


The Syrian researcher (Kamel Shehadeh), the former director of the “Maarat al -Numan Museum”, believes that Syria is characterized by a civilized diversity and archaeological richness, especially the Idlib governorate, in which the city of (Ma`rat al -Numan) is located. It is characterized by an urban artistic masterpiece that is not limited to one civilization, but rather includes successive civilizations, through the ages, for this the traveler called it (the gateway to the Arab East from the north). The Idlib Governorate is rich in mosaics, which is considered to be from the art of photography, and hitting the forms of decoration, created by the eastern Syrian artist from an early age, to meet the desires of his contemporaries to see beauty. This art effect on the development of the Civilization.

Excessive costs effects on the development of the mosaic

You may be surprised that the high costs of this art have an impact on the development of civilization from Khaith that the tourists who like the artistic piece are generously taking it and may also think about trade and the fact that mosaic art is very expensive in work, material and art, but at the same time, it gives the place where the character of luxury and beauty is located .

We must be mentioned that the heritage art spread in Syria specifically in Damascus is the art of mosaic and this art exactly is an impact on the development of civilization in Syria

Many tourists have come to the capital of Damascus because it is the oldest capital in the world and their magic increases with ancient heritage arts such as mosaic and mother of pearl inlay in wood, as it is an elaborate art in an attractive geometrical style in which the history of Syria.